- The primary mode of instruction will involve lectures and laboratories.
- Several field trips will be scheduled during the semester and occasional weekend field trips may be included.
- Readings will be assigned to supplement lectures.
- Audio-visual aids will be used where appropriate.
- Guest lecturers may be used periodically.
- Introduction – The Environment
- Ecosystems Overview – Freshwater/Marine/Terrestrial
- Nature of the Physical Earth / Earth Materials (rocks, minerals, soils)
- Freshwater Ecosystems:
- Fluvial geomorphology
- Lacustrine ecology
- River ecology
- Reservoir ecology
- Coastal geomorphology / coastline engineering
- Intertidal / subtidal / pelagic / estuarine habitats
- Physical oceanography
- Forest ecosystems
- Glacial Geomorphology
- Effect on ecosystem
- Wildlife management
- Rocks and mineral identification
- Topographic maps
- Fluvial geomorphology
- Groundwater / hydrology
- Land use – site selection
- Plant identification
- Sampling forest ecosystems
- Sampling freshwater ecosystems
- Intertidal sampling
Field Trip Sites
- Lions Bay / Squamish Highway
- Boundary Bay / Burns Bog
- Point Grey
- Fraser River – boat trip
- Mt. St. Helens or Mt. Garibaldi
- Reifel Wildlife Refuge
- Iona Island sewage treatment
- Fisheries Research Lab
Upon completion of this course, the student will be able to:
- Show an understanding of the components and dynamics of an ecosystem.
- Show an understanding of the distinctions between major biotic and abiotic characteristics of marine, freshwater and terrestrial ecosystems.
- Show an understanding of the interaction between people and the physical/biological environment in which they live and of the problems produced by the increasing encroachment on that environment.
- Describe the geomorphological processes operating in terrestrial and marine environments and identify the more common landforms produced by these processes.
- Show an understanding of the processes involved in the exploitation of natural resources, both renewable and non renewable, and of the potential detrimental effects of such exploitation.
- Describe the problems and possible solutions associated with the disposal of toxic and hazardous wastes.
- Discuss the causes of natural hazards and their effect on the stability of ecosystems and on patterns of human settlement.
- Discuss the impact of the exploitation of various energy sources on the environment and the relative merits of alternative energy sources.
- Show an understanding of the effects of urbanization on the natural environment and of the scientific, social and political considerations required for land use planning.
- Demonstrate an understanding of the concepts described above in the context of local or regional environmental problems.
- Show an understanding of some of the potential global environmental crises.
- Demonstrate an understanding of environmental regulation.
|Term projects (3)||40%|
Textbooks and Materials to be Purchased by Students
Miller, G. T. Jr., Living in the Environment: An Introduction to Environmental Science, 4th Edition, Wadsworth Inc., 1985.