Curriculum Guideline

Genetics

Effective Date:
Course
Discontinued
No
Course Code
BIOL 3205
Descriptive
Genetics
Department
Biology
Faculty
Science & Technology
Credits
5.00
Start Date
End Term
201920
PLAR
No
Semester Length
15 weeks
Max Class Size
27
Contact Hours
Lecture/tutorial 4 hours/week Laboratory /practical 3 hours/week
Method Of Instruction
Lecture
Lab
Tutorial
Methods Of Instruction
  • Instructor tutoring and lectures
  • Discussion groups
  • Practical applications and lab exercises
  • Self-study via print or online materials
  • Reading and problem solving assignments

This course involves four hours per week of classroom instruction and three hours per week of laboratory activity.  Classroom work will include lectures and tutorials, and is integrated with textbook, scientific journal readings and problem assignments.  The laboratory work is designed to complement the theory content of the course, to develop both specific and general lab skills, and to provide exposure to a variety of organisms commonly used as model systems for the study of genetics.

Course Description
This course is the study of the principles of genetics. Topics covered include the physical and chemical basis of heredity, genetic analysis in eukaryotes, prokaryotes and viruses, mutation; population genetics and evolution
Course Content

Mechanics of Inheritance, including:

  • mitosis
  • meiosis
  • life cycles
  • crossing-over

 Mendelian Inheritance, including:

  • monohybrid inheritance and the Law of Segregation
  • dihybrid inheritance and the Law of Independent Assortment
  • allelic relationships
  • use of testcrosses

Probability and Statistics, including:

  • solving genetic problems using probability rules
  • use of the Chi Square test

Non-Mendelian Inheritance, including:

  • linkage
  • sex-linked inheritance
  • sex-influenced inheritance
  • sex-limited inheritance
  • gene interactions (including epistasis, complementation, duplicate genes)
  • multiple allelism
  • multigenic inheritance
  • inheritance of quantitative (multifactorial) traits
  • extra-chromosomal inheritance

Chromosome mapping in eukaryotes, including:

  • 2 point testcross
  • 3 point testcross

Sex determination and sex differentiation, including:

  • the XY system
  • the ZW system
  • the XO system
  • the haplo-diploid system

Dosage compensation.

Changes in Chromosome Number, including:

  • aneuploidy
  • polyploidy

Changes in Chromosome Structure, including:

  • duplication
  • deletion
  • inversion
  • translocations (pericentric and paracentric)

Gene mutation and mutagenesis

Nucleic acid structure and replication

Protein Synthesis

  • transcription
  • translation

Control of gene expression

  • in prokaryotes
  • in eukaryotes

Microbial genetics, including:

  • prototrophs and auxotrophs
  • replica plating
  • transformation, transduction and conjugation
  • gene mapping

Viral genetics, including:

  • DNA Viruses
  • retroviruses

Transposable Elements, including:

  • DNA transposons
  • retrotransposons

Population genetics and evolution, including:

  • Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium
  • effects of genetic drift and selection

Laboratory Exercises

  • mitosis in onion roots
  • chi square (corn crosses)
  • gene mapping in Drosophila
  • polytene chromosomes
  • plant viruses
  • population genetics (models of drift and selection; field study)
Learning Outcomes

Upon completion of this course, students will be able to demonstrate an understanding of the principles of classical and modern genetics, including being able to:

  1. Describe the physical basis of heredity.
  2. Describe the experimental basis of Mendelian inheritance.
  3. Describe sex-determining mechanisms in a wide variety of organisms.
  4. Describe non-Mendelian inheritance, including linkage, sex-linkage, sex-influenced inheritance, sex-limited inheritance, multiple allelism, multigenic inheritance, and extra-chromosomal inheritance.
  5. Interpret pedigrees to determine modes of inheritance of genetic anomalies in humans.
  6. Derive chromosome maps by a variety of techniques, including the analysis of:
    • testcross data in higher organisms
    • tetrad analysis in fungi
    • conjugation, transduction and transformation experiments in bacteria
  7. Describe the cytological and biochemical basis of mutation and mutagenesis.
  8. Describe the structure, replication, and functions of nucleic acids.
  9. Describe the process of protein synthesis and the control of protein synthesis in bacteria and in higher organisms.
  10. Describe the genetic control of metabolism.
  11. Describe the genetics of populations, including Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium, genetic drift, the effects of selection on allele frequencies and the evolutionary implications of population genetics.
  12. Perform and interpret genetic experiments with a variety of organisms.
  13. Describe the genetic basis of evolutionary theory.
  14. Use general principles of genetics to discuss current issues.
Means of Assessment
Assignments and tests  10-20%
Midterm exams (2) 30-40%
Final comprehensive exam 30-35%
Lab reports  10-20%
Total 100%
Textbook Materials

Will be decided by course instructors. Potential resources include:

Snustad, P.D., and Simmons, M.J. (2005) Principles of Genetics, 4th Edition (or current edition). John Wiley & Sons Inc. Publishers,  New York, USA

Prerequisites

BIOL 1110 and BIOL 1210 with C- or better or BIOL 1310 with C- or better or permission of instructor